WashJeffJackpapers11 WashJeffJackpapers11 test Thursday 11/2

January 23, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
George Washington Belonged to no political party, was a unanimous vote in the electoral college, was president from 1789-1797
What is the cabinet? Advisors to the president
What was Hamilton’s financial plan? 1) US must pay all debts caused by revolutionary war
2) Congress establishes a national bank
3) a tariff or tax on imports is created
Political parties Federalists Early Republicans who wanted a strong central government. Were led by Alexander Hamilton. From New England area of countrymen. Supporters were usually wealthy businessmen. Wanted to use elastic clause and were pro British
Political parties Democratic republicans Early Democrats who wanted a strong state government, Thomas Jefferson is leader, opposed Hamilton’s financial plan, supported by working class citizens and farmers, pro French, strict interpretation of the constitution (word for word)
What did George Washington do regarding European wars? Declared neutrality
What were the main points listed in George Washington’s farewell address? 1) stay neutral regarding foreign affairs 2) think as an American not separate individuals from different states 3) people should avoid political parties
Precedents set by George Washington? 1) 2 term tradition 2) cabinet 3) farewell address 4) neutrality
John Adams XYZ affair Led to an undeclared naval war with France, US felt disrespected by the French because French delegates would not speak to US delegates
Alien and Sedition Acts Alien: Non-citizens by birth must wait 14 years before they are allowed to become a citizen rather than 5 years
Sedition: if anyone speaks against the government, they can be fined or imprisoned
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Written by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson saying Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional
What was the treaty of Ghent? Treaty that ended the war of 1812
What was one of the famous battles that Andrew Jackson was in? New Orleans
Who was Thomas Jefferson? President from 1801-1809, owned slaves, wrote Declaration of Independence and was a hypocrite
Revolution of 1800 Peaceful transition from a Federalist administration to a democratic administration
(Thomas Jefferson said that we are all Republicans, we are all Federalists. To emphasize unity)
Marbury vs Madison 1803 Supreme Court decision giving the Supreme Court the power to declare laws unconstitutional (Judicial Review). John Marshall was the Chief Justice of the United States whose decisions strengthened the Federal Government
Louisiana purchase Occurred in 1803. At first the US only wanted to buy New Orleans from France, but Napoleon offered all of the Louisiana territory for $15 million. (That was a good price even in the 1800s). Government used the elastic clause to buy the land
Napoleonic wars Involved all of Europe
Embargo act Occurred in 1807. Thomas Jefferson stopped trade which hurt merchants. Jefferson wanted to follow George Washington’s neutrality ideas
James Madison War of 1812 (1) (1) Was viewed as Mr.Madison’s war (negative comment, blamed Madison for war). Was US’s second war for independence with Britain, Britain interfered with US ships and forced sailors to serve on British ships.
James Madison A democratic republican and was president from 1809-1817
James Madison War of 1812 (2) (2) British encouraged native Americans to attack the American frontier. War hawks want to take control of Canada. War hawk from west: Henry Clay of Kentucky, war hawk from south: John Calhoun of South Carolina
James Madison War of 1812 (3) (3) Washington DC was burnt out by the British, William Henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson defeated native Americans on the frontier becoming American heroes. Andrew Jackson won battle of New Orleans
James Madison War of 1812 (4) (4) star spangled banner was written during the war of 1812 by Francis Scott Key
Results of the war of 1812 Ended with treaty of Ghent. Neither British nor Americans won war, Britain was so much stronger than America at the time Americans took it as a victory
Hartford Convention Connecticut States of New England met to protest the War of 1812. Federalists were viewed as unpatriotic and the party slowly broke apart. Alexander Hamilton, leader of the Federalist Party was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr
James Monroe Era of Good Feeling was a time of nationalism caused by “victory” over England and 1 political party
Monroe doctrine America’s are closed to colonization, Americas will stay out of Europe’s business and we expect Europe to stay out of ours
(US becomes protector of the Western Hemisphere)
When was Andrew Jackson president? What political party did he support? 1829-1837. Democrat.
Election of 1824 Jackson wins popular vote but loses in House of Representatives to John Quincy Adams
Election of 1828 Common people had more influence in government. 3X as many men voted in 1828 compared to 1824. Was a dirty campaign, elected the first western president in Andrew Jackson
Spoils system Rewarded supporters with government jobs (spoils of war)(political war)
Vetoes (Jackson) Andrew Jackson vetoed more laws than all previous presidents combined
War on bank of US (Jackson) Bank of US did not help farmers in south and east. Andrew Jackson hated the bank of the US. Jackson believed that the bank of the US only benefitted those in the northeast. Jackson stated “the bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it”
Pet banks (Jackson) State banks that were getting money from Andrew Jackson because they had supported him
Native Americans (Jackson) Jackson believed native Americans should move west
Indian Removal act (Jackson) Signed by Andrew Jackson . Moved the Cherokee, Creek, Fox, Choctaw, to Oklahoma
Worcestor vs Georgia 1832 (Jackson) Supreme Court said government not a state could remove native Americans from country. Was not enforced by Andrew Jackson because he didn’t care who got rid of the native Americans, he just wanted them gone
Trail of tears (Jackson) 1 year long trip to move native Americans onto reservations. 25% of native Americans died
Tariff 1828 Tariff of abominations (Jackson) Had very high rates on foreign goods. South Carolina protested because the tariff made both northern and foreign goods very expensive
Compromise tariff of 1833 (Jackson) Henry Clay made the tariff. Lowered the Tariff of abominations to an acceptable level
South Carolina exposition and protest (Jackson) Written by John C Calhoun
Nullification- a state can ignore a federal law (doesn’t work because then there is no point to making the law)
Whigs (Jackson) Political party formed to oppose Andrew Jackson