viking midterm 2

January 18, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
Nourmoutier a monastic community on an island off the atlantic coast of France where the Vikings overwintered. the community had already fled due to fear of impending attack. It was the first overwintering in France. Important for the trade of salt and wine.
Le Camp de Peran, Brittany the site of a ring fort built out of stones that had stirrups, coins and kettles found at the site. There were even coins from York, representing just how large the expansion of the Vikings was.
Battle of Clontarf battle between the Irish and the Norse living that led to the end of the Viking power in Ireland. After no more disputed kings, Vikings became second class citizens. King of Leinster on Viking side and King Brian trying to unite all the celtic kingdoms.
Hoen hoard, Hon, Norway a hidden stash of gold and beads with art by Frankish goldsmiths. Coins from the Byzantine Empire, Rome, Anglosaxon coins and Frankish coins. Demonstrates reach of Vikings. Richest gold hoard that's been found in Norway ever, hidden in the 860s.
Kilmainham & IslandBridge, Dublin site of burials where archealogical finds found by the National museum. They found scales, weights, swords.
Temple Bar, Dublin the neighborhood includes a lot of remains of Viking settlement and buildings. It was the earliest part of Viking settlement in Dublin. preservation of organic remains and people found that floors were waddled sticks from the finds in this area.
Jarlshof, Shetland important viking town in Scottland near water, known for stone work and their cattle. They have stone paved roads for cattle.
Ile de Groix chieftain burial where the supposed last of the Vikings in the area was buried following Norwegian customs, burial goods were a mix of Scandinavian and Western European objects. Chieftain may have been away from home for a long time, accustomed to a mix of these cultures.
Coppergate, Jorvik area in York that was excavated when they were digging to build a mall and they found a whole Viking community, made into museum. There were a lot of archaeological finds there: pottery, coins, roman and medieval roof tiles, weaponry, latrines
Ridgeway Hill, Oxfordshire, England site of a mass grave of what most archeologists think were probably scandinavian men who were executed after a violent encounter. This reveals the strong opposition that the English had to the Vikings.
Harald Klak a viking involved with the raids in Flemish regions and in Frankia. He was given land in Flanders in order to try to decrease the Viking raids in their territory, and also in Frankia in order to appease him to repel other Vikings from entering the area.
Repton, England site of a large overwintering camp with a D shaped wall. was an old burial ground and the Vikings played with the bones of the Anglo Saxons. The burials they did showed a merging of Viking art with Christian art in the grave markers.
Wessex the first anglo-saxon kingdom that successfully repelled the invading Vikings. King Alfred built fortified towns in 20 mile radius in strategic locations, which helped the Anglo-Saxons fight off the Vikings. Each man responsible for section of the wall.
Cnut (King Canute) Viking king who in 1016 became King of England , and brought crowns of England and Denmark together. Sven Forkbeard was first to control Danelaw, he inherited Dane Law region. Christian monarch.
Bornish/Bornais, South Uist largest rural viking settlement in Scottland. settled from around the 5th to the 15th century and areas were built on top off. Found norse platters which were single use for bread. genetic blending, was relatively peaceful and people could coexist.
Longphorts the Scandinavian word for overwintering camps. These occurred all over the Viking expansions, in France, Scottland, Ireland and England. Sometimes this became permanent settlements such as Noirmountier and Dublin.
High Street & Wood Quay, Dublin Wood Quay different kinds of wood found, a failed campaign to halt development. high street bone motifs that may be for metalwork. Each house indiv plot. Wood Quay a wharf. More urbanized and planned out cus a town not a village, stirrups and spurs.
Hungate, Jorvik next to river Fosse. Under 10ft waterlogged soil, great preservation. Using boat in order to make a cellar, warehouse. May have been trade and merchant center. Could trace when the trees were cut down to be used in buildings.
Brough of Deerness, Orkney used to be a fortified, elevated Viking settlement. Thoroughly excavated and recently excavated. A chieftain lived here with his army and there was a chapel from the 10th c.
Quentovic town that was settled in France by the Vikings. It was sacked by Vikings in 842 but kept under Frankish control due to paid tribute to the Vikings. Important trade center with England. Qs on importance in minting coins. Mix of various cultures.
The Danelaw the region in England occupied by the Vikings that had its own laws because it is ruled by Viking kings. York at its heart. A compromise between kings.