unit 2 vocab civics 3-4B

January 19, 2018 Off By admin
Term Definition
Enumerated powers given the federal government only.
Concurrent those powers shared by the national and state governmet
Executive Branch a branch of government that enforces the laws
Ex:President
Preamble the introduction to the constitution that the states the goals for government
Amendment Any changes to the constitution
Separation of Powers The idea that government should be divided into 3 branches to avoid abuse of power.
The charters of the Virginia company established that the rights of Englishmen would be guaranteed to the colonists.
Elastic Clause gives congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its duties
Reserved powers given to state governments only
The Virginia Declaration of Rights served as the model for the Bill of Rights of the U.S. consitution
Ratifacation to approve The constitution was a ratified June 1788
Legislative Branch a branch of government that makes the laws
Ex: Congress
Declaration of independence established and listed the unalienable rights of all men; colonist grievances against the king; the idea of equality under the law; and colonies independence from Great Britain
Judicial Branch the branch of government that interprets the law
Ex: Supreme Court
Articles of Confederation established the first form of national government for the independent states, allowing the states to keep the major powers of government.
Articales the 7 section of the constitution following the Preamble
Constitution established structure of the present national government of the united states (living document)(supreme law of the land)
statue for religious freedom (VA) established freedom of religious beliefs and opinions, serving as the basis for part of the first Amendment to the Constitution
Checks and Balances a system in which each branch branch of government is able to limit the power of the other branches
Shays rebellion one of the final events proving the welcome of the Articles of Confederation and leading to the convention to revise the Articles