science planet earth

January 25, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
The layer of the Earth's geosphere that has a brittle outer layer. crust
The middle and largest layer of the geosphere. mantle
The center of the Earth. core
Naturally occurring solid composed of minerals and sometimes other materials such as organic matter. rock
Forms when extreme temperatures and pressure within the Earth change existing rocks into new rocks. metamorphic rocks
Forms when molten material called magma, cools and hardens. igneous rocks
Forms when forces such as water, wind, and ice break down rocks into small pieces called sediment. sedimentary rocks
Process by which a liquid changes to a gas. evaporation
Process by which a plants release water vapor into the air. transpiration
Process by which a gas changes to a liquid. condensation
Any moisture that falls from the clouds. precipitation
The layer of gases surrounding planet Earth. atmosphere
The system of Earth containing all living things (plants and animals). biosphere
The system of Earth containing all of the water and most of Earth's water is contained in the ocean. hydrosphere
The solid (ground)part of the Earth, including the crust, mantle, and core. geosphere
Layer of the atmosphere where the weather is changing and where gases flow and swirl. troposphere
Layer of the atmosphere that protects the biosphere. stratosphere
Middle layer of the atmosphere. mesosphere
Hottest layer of the atmosphere. thermosphere
Highest (outer) layer of the atmosphere. exosphere
Gases that make up the atmosphere. Nitrogen (78%), Oxygen (21%), trace gases (1%)
Life Bio
Air Atmos
Ground Geo
Water Hydro
Middle Meso
Heat Thermo
Outside Exo
Frozen Cryo