S.Grammar notes Parts of Speech

January 24, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
What is the 6 step vocabulary plan? Title, Word, Definition, Synonym, Antonym, and Sentence
What is The Writing Process Rough Draft, Revision of Draft, Edit Draft, Final Draft
What is a Noun? A person, Place, Thing or Idea
Examples: Head, Shoulders, Knees, and toes.
What is the subject of a sentence called? How do you label it? Subject Noun SN
What is a Verb? An action word that tells what the subject does.

Examples: Sit, Stand, and Smile
Or
A linking word that is a state of being.

Examples: Is, Are, Was, or Were.

What constitutes a complete Sentence? Subject, Verb, Complete thought, Capital letter and Punctuation.
Kinds of sentences Declarative: Makes a Statement. "D" Period.
Interrogative: Asks a Question. "Int." Question Mark ?
Imperative: Gives a command. "Imp." Period.
Exclamatory: Expresses strong feeling. "E" Exclamation pt. !
What is an Adverb? Modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb. Adv.
Asks HOW?, WHEN?, and WHERE?
What is an Adjective? Modifies a noun or pronoun. Adj.
Asks WHAT KIND? , WHICH ONE?, and HOW MANY?
What is an Article Adjective? A, An, The
Complete Subject The subject of the sentence and everything that modifies the subject.
Usually it starts at the beginning of the sentence and includes everything up to the verb.
Complete Predicate The verb and all the words that modify the verb. It usually starts with the verb and includes every word after the verb.
What is a singular noun? A person, place, or thing that does not end in s or es and means only one.
Exceptions: Glass-glasses, Dress-dresses. These end in s because it's the natural spelling of the word
What is a plural noun? A noun that usually ends in s or es and means more than one.
Example: trucks, pencils, planes

Exception: Some nouns are made plural by changing their spelling. (man, men Child, Children)

What is a common noun? Any person, place, or thing
No capital letter
What is a proper noun? A specific or particular person, place or thing.
Always capitalized. Hannah, New Jersey
What is a simple subject? Subject noun or Subject Pronoun
What is a simple Predicate? Another name for the verb

What is an adverb exception? Occurs when you have an adverb immediately before the verb that starts the predicate.

Example: The famous actor suddenly / collapsed.
The famous actor / suddenly collapsed.

What is a paragraph? A group of sentences that is written about one particular subject or topic
What is a topic? The subject of the paragraph
What is Expository Writing? The discussion of ideas by giving facts, directions, explanations, definitions, and examples.
Three Point Expository Writing Topic
3 Points about the topic
Sentence #1: Topic sentence
Sentence #2: A three-point sentence
Sentence #3: A first-point sentence
Sentence #4: A Supporting sentence for the first point
Sentence #5: A Second-point sentence
etc.
What is a Natural Order Sentence? A sentence that has all subject parts first and all predicate parts after the verb
What is an Inverted Order Sentence? A sentence that has predicate words in the complete subject.

When a word is located in the complete subject but modifies the verb, it is a predicate word in the complete subject.

Examples: Tomorrow we / will pick apples. (Inverted)

What is a Preposition? A word that connects or joins a noun or a pronoun to the rest of the sentence.
What are examples of Prepositions? Aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, but, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through
What is an Object of the Preposition? A noun or pronoun after the preposition in a sentence
What is a Prepositional Phrase? A phrase that begins with a preposition and ends with the object of the preposition.
What are two more names for the prepositional phrase? Adverb phrase or adverbial phrase
How do prepositional phrases modify? They modify like adjectives
What are subject pronouns? I, We, He, She, It, They, or You…… they take the place of a noun in the subject of the sentence.
What are pronouns? I, We, He, She, It, They, and You
To find a subject pronoun, what question do we ask the subject? Who or What Labeled SP
What are the Possessive Pronouns? My, Our, His, Her, Its, Their, Your
What are the jobs of possessive pronouns? To show ownership or possession and to modify like an adjective.

As the question whose? such as whose book?

Include when asking to identify pronouns, possessives, or adj.'s

What is an understood subject? A sentence that gives a command or makes a request and leaves the subject unwritten or unspoken.

It is understood the unspoken subject will always by "you"