Operating Systems 3

January 20, 2018 Off By admin
Term Definition
Administrative Tools A group of tools accessed through Control Panel that you can use to manage the local computer or the other computers on the network
Clean Boot A process of starting Windows with a basic set of drivers and startup programs that can be useful when software doesn't install properly
Computer Management A Windows console that contains several administrative tools used by support technicians to manage the local computer or other computers on the network
Console A window that consolidates several Windows tools
DirectX Microsoft software development tool that software developers can use to write multimedia applications.
dxdiag.exe Windows command used to display info about hardware and diagnose problems with DirectX
Event Viewer Windows tool useful for troubleshooting problems with the system
Executive Services (Windows) group of components running in kernel mode that interfaces between the subsystems in user mode and HAL
HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer) Low level part of Windows, written specific to each CPU technology
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT (HKCR) WRK that stores info to determine which application is opened when the user double clicks a file
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC) WRK that contains info about the hardware config that is used by the computer at startup
HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU) WRK that contains data about the current user
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) WRK that contains hardware, software and security data
HKEY_USERS (HKU) WRK that contains data about all users
Kernel portion of OS designed to interact with Hardware
Kernel mode Windows "privileged" processing mode that has access to hardware components
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Windows utility to build custom consoles
Multimonitor Taskbar Windows 8 option to extend the desktop taskbar across multiple monitors
Multiple Monitor Misalignment When the display is staggered across multiple monitors, making it difficult to read
Multiple Monitor Orientation When the display does not accurately represent the relative positions of the multiple monitors
Native Resolution The actual (and fixed) number of pixels built into an LCD monitor
Performance Monitor MMC snap-in that can track activity by hardware and software to measure performance
Print Management Utility in the Administrative Tools group in pro and business editions that allows you to monitor and manage printer queues for all printers on the network
Process A program that is running under the authority of the shell, with the system resources assigned to it
ReadyBoost Windows utility that uses a flash drive or SD card to boost hard drive performance
Refresh Rate Number of times in one second the monitor can fill the screen with lines from top to bottom
Registry Database for Windows to store hardware and software config info, user preferences, and setup info
Registry Editor Windows utility used to edit the registry
Reliability and Performance Monitor Vista Utility that collects, records, and displays events that can help track performance and reliability of a machine
Reliability Monitor Windows utility that provides info about problems and errors that happen over time
Resolution Number of pixels on a monitor screen
Services Console Console used by Windows to stop, start, and manage background services used by Windows and applications
Shell portion of the OS that relates to the User and Applications
Snap-In Windows utility that can be installed into a Console on the MMC
System Configuration Windows utility that can identify what process are launched at startup and can temporarily disable a process from loading
Task Manager Windows utility that lets you view the applications and processes running on your computer as well as info about process and memory performance, network activity, and user activity
Task Scheduler Windows tool that can set a task or program to launch at a future time, including startup
Thread Each process that the processor is aware of
User Mode A mode which provides an interface between an application and the OS, and only has access to hardware resources through the code running on the kernel