Law CH3

February 6, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
appellate brief appellate brief is a formal court document that lays out all of the arguments a petitioner or respondent plans to make on appeal. Both the petitioner in an appeal and the respondent file an appellate brief.
appellate court the part of the judicial system that is responsible for hearing and reviewing appeals from legal cases that have already been heard in a trial-level or other lower court.
arbitrator an independent person or body officially appointed to settle a dispute
associate circuit court (country court) courts of original civil and criminal jurisdiction. cases usually begin in the circuit court, which is where trials may occur.
court a tribunal presided over by a judge, judges, or a magistrate in civil and criminal cases.
court of record a court whose proceedings are recorded and available as evidence of fact.
general jurisdiction the court's authority to hear all kinds of cases, which arise within its geographic area. Therefore a court of general jurisdiction is one that can hear different types of cases like a tort case, a contracts law case, or any number of other related cases.
juvenile court a court of law responsible for the trial or legal supervision of children under a specified age (18 in most countries).
litigate go to law; be a party to a lawsuit.
take (a claim or a dispute) to a court of law.
mediator a person who attempts to make people involved in a conflict come to an agreement; a go-between
municipal court a court that sits in some cities and larger towns and that usually has limited civil and criminal jurisdiction over cases arising within the municipality; also :police court.
original jurisdiction is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
probate court a segment of the judicial system that's primarily charged with handling such matters as wills, estates, conservatorships and guardianships, as well as the commitment of mentally ill persons to institutions designed to help them.
small claims court a local court in which claims for small sums of money can be heard and decided quickly and cheaply, without legal representation.
specialized jurisdiction the courts' jurisdiction over certain types of cases such as bankruptcy, claims against the government, probate, family matters, immigration and customs, or limitations on courts' authority to try cases involving maximum amounts of money or value.
transcript a written or printed version of material originally presented in another medium.
trial court a court of law where cases are tried in the first place, as opposed to an appeals court.
verdict a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
writ of certiorari "to be informed of, or to be made certain in regard to". It is also the name given to certain appellate proceedings for re-examination of actions of a trial court, or inferior appeals court.