FTCE Elem. Lang. Art

January 17, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
Phonological awareness To recognize the sound of spoken language such as Rhyming and syllables
Phonemic awareness Being able to sound out words. Segmenting and blending words.
Phonemes Smallest unit of sound that can change the meaning of the word. Ex: pad pat bad bat
Phonics To connect letters with sounds
Alphabetic principle Graphophonemic awareness. Recognition that words are made up of letters that represent sounds.
Morphology The study of how words are formed
Syntax The structure of how sentences are built
Semantics The meaning expressed by the structure of words
Decode To change symbols into messages (sound out)
Encode To change a message into symbols (writing)
Limerick A nonsensical rhyming 5 lined poem
DiamantA© An unrhymed 7 line poem that forms a diamond shape
Concrete poem Shape poetry. Words are formed into a shape that relates to the topic of the poem
Hyperbole Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
Methods for teaching writers craft Precise language, figurative language, linking words, temporal words, dialogue, sentence variety
Linking words Connect ideas and sentences so people can follow what you are talking about.
Temporal words Words used to describe the position of an event in time. Ex: before, after, during
Informal reading inventories Individual reading test that determines reading level. Identified by accuracy rate: Words read – errors/ words read X 100
Running record Teacher observes, scores, and interprets a students reading behaviors based on accuracy, error and self correction
Progress monitoring Used through the year to show gains in achievement and help guide instruction
Multiage groups Allows children of different ages and abilities to progress at their own rate in a group rather than according to objectives for a grade level
Teaching method for developing listening and speaking skills Collaborative conversation, collaborative discussion, presentation
A teacher is assigning a report. He should begin the activity by Setting a purpose
7 instructional methods for student reading comprehension Activating prior knowledge, summarizing, self-monitoring, questioning, graphic and semantic organizers, think aloud as, recognizing story structure
5 components of reading Phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension
Emergent readers learn concepts about books. They memorize words and pretend to read. Pre-alphabetic
Readers recognize patterns and start to speed up their reading. Full-alphabetic
Reader uses cueing strategies to figure out words Partial-alphabetic
Segmenting The idea that a word can be divided into segments
Blending The opposite of segmenting: putting the word back together
Chunking Identifying sounds or words within other words
Metacognition Thinking about thinking
Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Creating, evaluating, analyzing, applying, understanding, remembering
Orthography Using written symbols to represent spoken language