Davis: POS practice with terms, definitions and identifying POS in sentences

January 25, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
What is a common noun? a general person, place, thing or idea
What is an abstract noun? a type of person, place, thing or idea that cannot be experienced with the senses- can't see it, touch it, etc.
What is a proper noun? a specific person, place, thing or idea that requires a capital letter
What is a pronoun? a word that takes the place of a noun; requires an antecedent to make full sense
What are examples of common nouns? student, doctor, pencil, uniform, elbow, religion, education
What are common noun suffixes? -tion, -ence / ance, -or, -ity, -ness, -ment
(think of a noun that ends like this for practice)
What are examples of proper nouns? Hawaii, Mead Middle, Dr. Spock, Hinduism, John
What are examples of abstract nouns? bravery, inspiration, loyalty, honor, loneliness
What are common adjective suffixes? -al/-ial, -er/-est, -ic, -less, -ous/-eous/-ious, -ish
(think of adjectives that end like this for practice)
What are the pronouns that can work as the subject of the sentence? I, my, his, her, she, he, it, they, we, you
What are the pronouns that work in the object part of the sentence? me, him, them, us
What are examples of reflexive pronouns? myself, themselves, yourself, ourselves, himself, etc.
What are examples of demonstrative pronouns? this, that, these, those
What is a verb? A mental, physical or state of being action word.
What are the 8 "to be" verbs? am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
If "to be" verbs work with another verb as a verb phrase, they are called what? Helping verbs: was walking, been eaten
What is an adjective? A word that modifies or describes a noun, pronoun
What are some indefinite (not specific) pronouns? everyone, someone, neither, one, each, anything, everything
What three questions do adjectives answer about the noun or pronoun they modify? Which one? What kind of? How many of?
What is an adverb? A word, often ending in -ly, that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
What two questions do adverbs answer about the verb? How- in what way? When?
What is a preposition? A word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to other words
What are examples of prepositions? Above, across, among, between, around, down, for, in, on, near, beside, through, with, etc.
What are examples of adverbs? Really, accidentally, quickly, suddenly, harshly, often, daily, regularly
What two types of conjunctions are there? coordinating and subordinating
What are the coordinating conjunctions? The FANBOYS- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
What are subordinating conjunctions? while, during, although, even though, because, due to, since, whether, as if, even if
What do subordinating conjunctions do? Start a dependent clause
What are the two parts of a complex sentence? independent clause and dependent clause
Which part of a complex sentence can stand alone as a sentence that makes sense? the independent clause
What is an interjection? A single word, often punctuated by an exclamation point, that signals the author's emotion.
What are examples of interjections? Bah! Crikey! Alas. Ha! Congrats! Hey.
(Bam! I just got that question right.)
What is the subject of the sentence? The noun or pronoun doing the action of the predicate.
What is the predicate of the sentence? The main verb that unites the subject with the rest of the sentence.
What are THREE places where a subject can never occur? in a prepositional phrase, in a dependent clause, in an appositive phrase
What are THREE places where a predicate can never occur? in a prepositional phrase, in a dependent clause, in an appositive phrase
Is this sentence simple, compound or complex?
"In the sky, planes fly back and forth."
simple- that's a prepositional phrase in front- it changes nothing!
Is this sentence simple, compound or complex?
"The competent accountant retrieved the file from her computer, but she could not print it."
compound
Is this sentence simple, compound or complex?
"Hoping for a catch, Timmy's dad went fishing."
simple- that's a participial phrase modifying Timmy- it changes nothing!
Is this sentence simple, compound or complex?
"The short poem spoke to my heart as it echoed my feelings about death."
complex- "as" is a subordinating conjunction!
Is this sentence simple, compound or complex?
"I do not want eggs, nor would I prefer oatmeal."
compound- "nor" is a fanboy!
What part of speech would these words be? Heroic, wishful, substantive, illogical, fearless, nauseous, stronger, tallest adjectives
What part of speech would these words be? Fearlessness, endurance, concentration, security, passion, actor nouns
What are examples of linking verbs other than the "to be" verbs? Appears, seems, became, tastes, feels
What are participles? Words that look like perfect tense (-en), past (-ed) or progressive tense (-ing) verbs, but they act like adjectives that modify nouns (a broken glass, a passed chance, a chuckling child)
What is an infinitive phrase? a phrase that begins with "to" + a verb
to wish, to dream, to wonder, to cringe, to cry, to hold
What is a gerund? A verby looking word, ends in -ing, that acts like a noun- a person, place, thing or idea.
What is a direct object? The word or phrase that completes the action of the verb. Answers the question, "verb-ed what?" Always a noun or pronoun.
What is an indirect object? The word or phrase that answers the question, "To who? or For who?" about the direct object
"The cackling witch spooked the costumed children."
The words cackling and costumed are both what POS?
adjectives!
"Studying is hard."
Studying in this sentence is the… what?
simple subject!
"Studying is hard."
Hard in this sentence is the… what?
Predicate adjective!
"The cackling witch spooked the costumed children."
What is the main verb in this sentence?
spooked!
Grey Canadian geese suddenly swarmed the parking lot in the mall. Suddenly is what POS? adverb!
Grey Canadian geese suddenly swarmed the parking lot in the mall. How many nouns are there here? geese, lot and mall!
Snow fell from the sky. Snow is the… subject (a noun)
I watched snow fall from the sky. Snow is the… direct object (a noun)
I grabbed my snow boots from the closet. Snow is the… adjective, describing which boots?
It was snowing today. Snowing is the… main verb in the verb phrase 'was snowing'
I wanted it to snow, but Mother Nature denied me. Snow is… part of an infinitive phrase to+verb
Nouns are the only part of speech that can do what two things? be made plural (dog, dogs/passion, passions / loyalty, loyalties)

own things through possessives (dog's feet / passion's grip, loyalty's benefits)

Verbs are the only part of speech that can… indicate when the sentence took place = tense changes! Past (-ed), present, future (-ing) and more!
What is the direct object in the sentence: The flustered students muttered curses under their breaths at the grammar test. Curses
What is the simple subject in the sentence: The flustered students muttered curses under their breaths at the grammar test. Students
What is the predicate in the sentence: The flustered students muttered curses under their breaths at the grammar test. muttered
What are the two adjectives in the sentence: The flustered students muttered curses under their breaths at the grammar test. flustered, grammar
What is the participle in the sentence: The flustered students muttered curses under their breaths at the grammar test. flustered
What is the prepositional phrase in the sentence: The flustered students muttered curses under their breaths at the grammar test. under their breaths / at the grammar test