Chapter 25 funds

February 18, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
Two largest constituents of body Water and electrolytes
Use water to transport Transport substances
Heat regulation
Keep hydrogen in body balance
Makes up gastric fluid
More than half the weight is Water
Elderly become more dehydrated because of They produce less anti diarrhetic hormones
More water in urine
How we tAke in water Eat
We put out water Sweat
Electrolytes Are minerals or salts
Equal number or charges
Major electrolytes Sodium
Potassium Important for our cardiac function
Calcium Effects our bone and teeth and nerve transmission
Magnesium Building of bones and teeth
Blood Is mostly water
Composed of red and white blood cells
Intercellular Within the cell potassium
Extra cellular Sodium
Outside the cell
Hypothalamus Controls thirst
Excess sodium Tells us drink water
Diffusion Substances that move back and forth thru the cells
To maintain balanced
Move from high to low concentration
osmosis Water and fluid that moves across the cells to have balance
Move from greater to less concentration
Filtration Movement of water and substances by pressure
Active transport Moving things in and out of cells moves from lower to higher by force which is moved by force
Dehydration Fluid deficit
Losing fluid
Not enough fluid In the plasma
Hypervolemia Excessive fluid volume
Edema Excessive accumulation of interstitial fluid
Signs of over hydration Weight gain
Crackles in lungs
Slow pulse
Elevated blood pressure
Possible edema
Hyponatremia A deficit of sodium in the blood
Ascites Abnormal accumulations of fluid
Hypernatremia High sodium in the blood
Acidosis Excess of acid or depletion of alkaline
PH Measure acidic or alkaline is 7.35 to 7.45
Bicarbonate acid By product of metabolism cells
Immediately breaks up

Bicarbonate 22 to 26
Kidneys are in charge
Respiratory Acidosis Carbon dioxide levels increase
Metabolic acidosis Losing to much bicarbonate
Co 2 25 – 35
2.2 pounds = 1kg = 1 liter

150/2.2 pounds to kilo

Trousseous sign To much potaslsium
Chvasteks To much calsium potassium
To much hypocalsium