chapter 22 1,2,3

January 25, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
What is the geocentric theory The idea that the Earth was an immovable object in the center of the universe
What is the heliocentric theory
Who is Copernicus A mathematician and astronomer
Who is Johannes kepler A German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer
Who is Galileo Italian astronomer whose discoveries with the telescope revolutionized astronomy.
Who is Newton A scientist who created the laws of motion
What is the scientific method A method created by scientists to show the steps to prove a theory
Who is Francis Bacon An English philosopher
Who is Rene Descartes A French Philosopher
Who is Ptolemy a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer
Who is Tycho Brahe Tycho Brahe was a Danish nobleman, astronomer, and writer
Explain how the Renaissance and the Age of Exploration paved the way for the Scientific Revolution The Renaissance: European exploration opened Europeans to the possibility that there were new truths to be found. The Age of Exploration: Fueled scientific research, especially in astronomy and math.
Explain whose theory Galileo supported, and what happened to him as a result He supported Copernicus’s theory that the Sun was in the center and not the Earth. He was tried by the inquisition and forced to recant saying Copernicus was wrong.
What is the scientific revolution An age where science became more popular and people started to take more interest in it
What was so revolutionary about the Scientific Revolution A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and a willingness to question accepted beliefs.

What is the enlightenment
Who is Thomas Hobbes
Who is John Locke
Who is Voltaire
Who is Montesquieu
Who is Rousseau
Who is Mary Wollstonecraft
What is the Social Contract
What is Natural Rights
Who are the Philosophes
Who is Beccaria
Explain the differences between Hobbes and Locke in terms of their view of human nature and the role of government
Choose three of the philosophers we studied other than Hobbes and Locke and discuss the ideas of each
Describe three long-term effects of the Enlightenment