Chapter 1 and 2 Early HIstory

January 16, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
Archaeology the study of the past based on what people left behind
Culture the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values a group of people
Primary Source is an account of an event from someone who witnessed or took part in the event
Secondary Source is information given/created by someone who didn’t take place in or witness the event
Values ideas people hold dear to and try to live by
Fossils parts or imprint of something that once was alive
Artifacts objects created by and used by humans
Geography study of earth’s physical and cultural features
Land-forms natural features of the land’s surface
Environment all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area
Climate pattern of weather conditions in a certain area over a long period of time
Region area with one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas
Resources materials found in the earth that people need and value
Monoid early ancestor of humans
Ancestors relatives who lived in the past
Tools handheld object that has been modified to help a person
Paleolithic Era the first part of the Stone Age
Society community of people who share common culture
Hunter-gatherers people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive
Migrate to move
Land bridges a strip of land connecting two continents
Mesolithic Era is the middle stone ages
Neolithic Era is the New Stone Ages
Domestication is the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans
Megaliths are huge stones used as monuments
What does Homo-sapiens mean Means men in Latin referring to humans
When were the Ice Ages They ended about 10,000 years ago
Do historians change their thoughts Yes, new evidence or theories may arise
Why are primary sources more reliable than secondary They may miss details or events(changed)
What are the two main branches of Geography Physical and human
Physical geography ells us about plant life and land-form, with climate tells us about the area’s land, water, soil, animals, and other features.
Human geography helps us understand history because it helps us understand people’s cultures, work, food, homes, religion, how they survive, and other question regarding their lifestyle.
When did homo sapiens first appear in Africa About 10,000 years ago
How did stone tools change stone used, the tools itself, and the tool’s purpose
What skills did they develop when they migrated build shelter, make heavier clothing, make new tools, and to fish if they lived near water.
Global change's affect on migration Forced them to move to areas with living resources for food and made them stay away form cold.