Carter Test 4 Carter / Unit 4 Foundation Terms – Rome

January 27, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
Forum Roman market place
Republic Type of government in which elected officials govern the state
Patricians Members of the Roman upper class/aristocracy who controlled the Senate and made rules.
Plebeians Lower class people of Rome which consisted of farmers, merchants, and artisans
Dictator A ruler who has complete authority over the government, one single ruler
Veto To block a law or vote which may be harmful
Tribunes Elected officials of plebeians who stood up for their rights
Senate Most powerful governing body of the Roman republic
Consuls An official elected by the Senate who supervised the government, only two members
Jupiter Roman god that ruled over the sky and other gods and goddesses
Juno Wife of Jupiter/goddess of marriage, women, and childbirth/ Queens of the gods
Neptune Roman god of the sea
Legion Basic military unity of the Roman army/ of about 5,000 men.
Punic Wars Series of wars between Rome and Carthage in which Rome was victorious
Hannibal General from Carthage who led the city-state against the romans in the Punic Wars
Julius Caesar Great military commander that forced the roman senate to declare him dictator for life, thus becoming the absolute ruler of Rome
Octavian First emperor of the Roman Empire, also known as Augustus
Pax Romana Great time period known as the "Roman Peace" a.k.a Rome's golden age
Aqueducts Man made channels used to bring wate5r to Roman cities
Galen Greek physician that became the greatest authority on medicine during Roman times
Pliny Roman scientist who created encyclopedias of information on such subjects as geography, zoology, botany, and biology
Jesus of Nazareth Founder of Christianity
Messiah Anionted King sent by God who would lead the Jewish people to freedom
Apostles The first followers of Jesus
Paul Person who played most influential role in the spread of Christianity through his missionary work and establishment of churches
Martyrs People who suffer or die for their beliefs
Bishop Church official who is responsible for all Christians in an area/ also oversees all priests
Diocese A district or region of the Christian church under the care of bishop
Patriarchs Title given to the bishops of the cities of Rome, Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, and Constantinople
Pope Bishop of Rome and leader of the Christian Church
Diocletian Roman emperor who divides the Roman Empire into two separate sections, East and West
Constantine Roman emperor responsible for issuing the Edict of Milan granting religious freedom to the Christians
Theodosius Roman emperor who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
Constitution Political structure/ document used to govern a body (people)
Paterfamilias Head of the family in Roman society/ father figure
Gentiles Non-Jewish people
Prefects Governors of a province of The Roman Empire
Edict of Milan A law in which made Christianity legal within the Roman Empire