Byzantine & Mongols Byzantine & Mongols Test Review

February 2, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
overthrew uncle from throne, wanted to glorify Rome ??, he conquered all of roman territories, had absolute power over church & state; created a single uniform code that was used in modern law Justinian
Justinian's wife who was raised in poverty & became ?? most powerful woman in byzantine history who passed laws, built churches and protected women's rights Theodora
Justinian's wife who was raised in poverty & became ?? most powerful woman in byzantine history who passed laws, built churches and protected women's rights Theodora
One of the most feared warriors of all time. Aka Temujin. Sought to unify Mongols under his leadership. Defeated his enemies one by one. Was known as the universal leader. Genghis Khan
One of the most feared warriors of all time. Aka Temujin. Sought to unify Mongols under his leadership. Defeated his enemies one by one. Was known as the universal leader. Genghis Khan
Prince of Novogorod (Princess Olga's grandson) who sent teams to research 3 major religions of time & converted to Christianity; held baptism of all citizens in the Dnieper River Vladimir
banned the use of icons (religious images) used by Eastern Christians to aid their devotions. Viewed the icons as idol worship. Leo III
What are the romantic languages? latin, spanish, portuges
Name the four parts that made up Justinian's code. What was it important? Code (5000 useful laws), Digest (summary of opinions), Institute (textbook), Novellae (new laws). The Justinian code decided legal questions that regulated whole areas of Byzantine life.
What is the Hagia Sophia? church rebuilt by Justinian meaning holy wisdom w/onion dome. Was hailed as the most splendid of all churches in the christian world.
Religious images used by eastern Christians in their devotions were called what? icons
Define excommunication. to declare one to be an outcast from the church
What was the state religion of the byzantine empire? differences in christianity – Great Schism split into Western Roman and Eastern Orthodox
What was nicknamed the "Golden Horde" The mongol empire because Gold was the royal color of the Mongols and Horde from the mongol word meaning camp
What two continents bordered Constantinople? Europe and Asia
What was Constantinople names before its rise and after its fall? Byzantinum/Istanbul?
What empire rose after the Byzantine fell? Ottoman Empire
expeditions in which medieval christian warriors sought to recover control of the ?? land from muslims Crusades
The ruler of Kiev was called the? Prince/Princess?
Who took over after the Kievan Rus fell? The Mongols
Describe the mongols. What kind of lifestyle best describes them? they were ferocious groups of horsemen (nomads) who were know for savage killing and burning and they had a reputation for ruthless brutality
What is the difference between Mongols of China and Mongols of Russia? The mongols of china were more intertwined in one culture. The Mongols of Russia were mixed???
Compare the two churches which emerged around 1054 BCE. (Romans) Romans: priests couldn't marry, no icons, no divorce, services in Latin, Pope had authority over all bishops, kings and emperors.
Compare the two churches which emerged around 1054 BCE. (Orthodoxes) Orthodox: priests could marry, icons, divorce ok in certain circumstances, services in Greek/local lang, Patriarch & other bishops head of church as group, Emperors had authority over Patriarchs and other bishops.
Why was Empress Theodora such an influential character in history? First woman to have power over passing laws, protected women's rights, most powerful woman who was raised in poverty and married emperor Justinian
Explain the Great Schism. What is it? When and why did it occur? Differences emerged in the Christian church regarding leader, location, language, lifestyle of priests and use of icons. This lead to the permanent split in 1054 between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church.
Explain the lasting legacies of the Byzantine Empire. Why is it important to history? Greek/Roman traditions preserved, Greek lang, libraries, Justinian's code; Scholars fleeing the city help start the renaissance in Italy