AP Culture/Languages Study Guide

January 26, 2018 Off By admin
Question Answer
Culture is the set of learned behaviors and values shared by a group of people.
A cultural trait is a single aspect or “piece” of culture.
Customs are practices followed by a group of people.
An artifact is a material aspect of culture that we can see, taste, feel, and/or hear.
Material culture is the aspects of culture that can be detected with our senses.
Nonmaterial culture is the values, opinions, and attitudes that underlie material culture.
Culture complex are unique sets of material and nonmaterial traits that are shared by a specific group of people.
A culture region is an area that shares a large number of culture traits, Culture regions can be defined in many ways and can vary in scale.
A culture realm is a large area of the world containing a group of culture regions that share many similar traits.
A culture hearth is the source area for an important cultural trait.
Syncretism is the blending of two or more cultural traits to form a new trait.
Dynamism is the tendency for cultural traits and complexes to change and adapt over time
Diffusion is the spread of cultural traits and/or complexes from their hearths.
This branch contains languages such as English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, and Icelandic. Germanic Branch
Lingua Franca is a language widely spoken and commonly used among people who speak different languages
What is the global lingua franca? English
What language branch evolved from Latin. Romance Branch
This branch contains languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Italian Romance Branch
What language branch is mainly spoken in Eastern Europe. Balto-Slavic Branch
This branch contains languages such as Russian, Serbo-Croatian, and Ukrainian. Balto-Slavic Branch